Oral and maxillofacial pathology refers to the diseases of the mouth ("oral cavity" or "stoma"), jaws ("maxillae" or "gnath") and related structures such as salivary glands, temporomandibular joints, facial muscles and perioral skin (the skin around the mouth). The mouth is an important organ with many different functions. It is also prone to a variety of medical and dental disorders.
The specialty oral and maxillofacial pathology is concerned with diagnosis and study of the causes and effects of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial region. It is sometimes considered to be a specialty of dentistry and pathology. Sometimes the term head and neck pathology is used instead, but this might imply that the pathologist deals with otorhinolaryngologic disorders (i.e. ear, nose and throat) in addition to maxillofacial disorders. In this role there is some overlap between the expertise of head and neck pathologists and that of endocrine pathologists.
Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Microbiology Department of oral pathology Dental Anatomy and Oral Histology, Oral Biology,Oral Physiology and Oral Pathology. The department was established in 2006 with the aim of importantly the diagnosis of specimens received from Department of Oral Surgery and various sources (clinics & hospitals) as part of treatment or investigation.
The department is engaged in reporting ever since the beginning and is equipped with the state of the art equipment for this purpose. The department has an elaborate protocol for research activities in various fields for which the department is equipped with a Decahead research microscope along with an attached digital camera for photomicrograhic evaluation. Along with this microscopic attachments such as fluorescent and polarised microscopy
Along with this the department also has stereomicroscope which is frequently employed for the routine diagnostic and research activities. Besides, the department has separate sections for performing special stains, immunohistochemistry and microbiological analysis.
MUSEUM The department has maintained the museum with variety of specimens including soft and hard tissues ranging from odontogenic cysts, odontogenic tumors to head and neck resections. The museum also displays numerous specimens of developmental anomalies including extracted teeth and casts. Besides this there is also display of models.
An oral pathologist has to perform routine histopathological evaluation of specimens relating to oral and perioral tissues, to carry out routine diagnostic procedures including hematological, cytological, microbiological and immunological investigations. They should be capable of advising the attendant clinicians regarding the clinico-pathologic aspects of the disease, special investigations .
They should be well versed in collecting data for various studies purposes.