A dental extraction (also referred to as tooth extraction, exodontia, exodontics, or informally, tooth pulling) is the removal of teethfrom the dental alveolus (socket) in the alveolar bone. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, but most commonly to remove teeth which have become unrestorable through tooth decay, periodontal disease, or dental trauma, especially when they are associated with toothache.
Extraction of Impacted Tooth
An impacted (un-erupted) tooth is a tooth that fails to fully pass through the gum tissues because something prevents its normal eruption into the mouth, such as dense soft tissue, bone, tooth malposition, cysts, or another tooth. If a tooth fails to emerge, or emerges only partially, it is considered to be impacted.
Alveoloplasty is a dental pre-prosthetic procedure performed to smoothen or reshape the jawbone. In this procedure, the bony edges of the alveolar ridge and its surrounding structures is made smooth, redesigned or recontoured so that a well-fitting, comfortable, and esthetic dental prosthesis may be fabricated. This pre-prosthetic surgery prepares the mouth to receive a dental prosthesis by improving the condition and quality of the supporting structures so they can provide support, better retention and stability to the prosthesis.
Trauma Cases (Fracture)
Since mandible fractures are usually the result of blunt force trauma to the head and face, other injuries need to be considered before the mandible fracture. First and foremost is compromise of the airway. While rare, bilateral mandible fractures that are unstable can cause the tongue to fall back and block the airway. Fractures such as a symphyseal or bilateral parasymphyseal may lead to mobility of the central portion of the mandible where genioglossus attaches, and allow the tongue to fall backwards and block the airway. In larger fractures, or those from high velocity injuries, soft tissue swelling can block the airway.
The treatment procedures include- reduction, fixation, immobilisation procedures. Procedures such as bone plates, inter maxillary fixation, screws, etc are operated to treat the condition.
Sinus Lift Procedures
Enculeation of Cyst
As a general surgical technique, enucleation refers to the surgical removal of a mass without cutting into or dissecting it.